After getting in contact with Mohammad, a young afghan refugee who now lives in a small town in Western Germany, I decided to visit his still in Iran remaining family. I spent a few days with them to find out more about the afghan society in Iran and their conditions of living.
Mohammad‘s parents and many other relatives had left their country of origin about 30 years ago when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan. Their hopes for a new beginning and a better life in Iran were high. But after all barriers and discrimination brought by the government, society and hard work life didn't get much easier for the Afghan family. Most of the 2.5 million Afghan migrants were born and raised in Iran during the last three and a half decades under time-limited condition of stay. Every year they have to renew their legal status. This status ID card costs a lot of money and is only valid in the city of their authority.
Mohammad‘s parents are farmers who grow their own products to sell on the markets. Work is hard and especially the boiling heat of summer and rising age are making it more and more difficult to keep up. His sister and his cousin are university students with the subjects of “translation” and “computer information technology“ in Karaj. Iran’s economy continues to struggle, the population needs more jobs – especially for younger workers. Thinking about the future scares the young afghan women a lot. Not only the lack of jobs or their gender but as well their often discriminated ethnicity are making it almost impossible for them to find a reasonable job after university.
Being independent and having a better future for themselves and their families is the dream of every young Afghan in Iran.Mohammad’s decision of leaving Iran into an unsure, but more secure future in Germany was not easy for him and his family.